Obfuscate Dart code

What is code obfuscation?


Code obfuscation is the process of modifying an app's binary to make it harder for humans to understand. Obfuscation hides function and class names in your compiled Dart code, replacing each symbol with another symbol, making it difficult for an attacker to reverse engineer your proprietary app.

Flutter's code obfuscation works only on a release build.



Note that obfuscating your code does not encrypt resources nor does it protect against reverse engineering. It only renames symbols with more obscure names.

Supported targets


The following build targets support the obfuscation process described on this page:

  • aar
  • apk
  • appbundle
  • ios
  • ios-framework
  • ipa
  • linux
  • macos
  • macos-framework
  • windows

Obfuscate your app


To obfuscate your app, use the flutter build command in release mode with the --obfuscate and --split-debug-info options. The --split-debug-info option specifies the directory where Flutter outputs debug files. In the case of obfuscation, it outputs a symbol map. For example:

flutter build apk --obfuscate --split-debug-info=/<project-name>/<directory>

Once you've obfuscated your binary, save the symbols file. You need this if you later want to de-obfuscate a stack trace.

For detailed information on these flags, run the help command for your specific target, for example:

flutter build apk -h

If these flags are not listed in the output, run flutter --version to check your version of Flutter.

Read an obfuscated stack trace


To debug a stack trace created by an obfuscated app, use the following steps to make it human readable:

  1. Find the matching symbols file. For example, a crash from an Android arm64 device would need app.android-arm64.symbols.

  2. Provide both the stack trace (stored in a file) and the symbols file to the flutter symbolize command. For example:

    flutter symbolize -i <stack trace file> -d out/android/app.android-arm64.symbols

    For more information on the symbolize command, run flutter symbolize -h.

Read an obfuscated name


To make the name that an app obfuscated human readable, use the following steps:

  1. To save the name obfuscation map at app build time, use --extra-gen-snapshot-options=--save-obfuscation-map=/<your-path>. For example:

    flutter build apk --obfuscate --split-debug-info=/<project-name>/<directory> --extra-gen-snapshot-options=--save-obfuscation-map=/<your-path>
  2. To recover the name, use the generated obfuscation map. The obfuscation map is a flat JSON array with pairs of original names and obfuscated names. For example, ["MaterialApp", "ex", "Scaffold", "ey"], where ex is the obfuscated name of MaterialApp.



Be aware of the following when coding an app that will eventually be an obfuscated binary.

  • Code that relies on matching specific class, function, or library names will fail. For example, the following call to expect() won't work in an obfuscated binary:
expect(foo.runtimeType.toString(), equals('Foo'));
  • Enum names are not obfuscated currently.