Build and release a web app

During a typical development cycle, you test an app using flutter run -d chrome (for example) at the command line. This builds a debug version of your app.

This page helps you prepare a release version of your app and covers the following topics:

Building the app for release


Build the app for deployment using the flutter build web command. You can also choose which renderer to use by using the --web-renderer option (See Web renderers). This generates the app, including the assets, and places the files into the /build/web directory of the project.

The release build of a simple app has the following structure:

      <other font files>
    <image files>

Launch a web server (for example, python -m http.server 8000, or by using the dhttpd package), and open the /build/web directory. Navigate to localhost:8000 in your browser (given the python SimpleHTTPServer example) to view the release version of your app.

Deploying to the web


When you are ready to deploy your app, upload the release bundle to Firebase, the cloud, or a similar service. Here are a few possibilities, but there are many others:

Deploying to Firebase Hosting


You can use the Firebase CLI to build and release your Flutter app with Firebase Hosting.

Before you begin


To get started, install or update the Firebase CLI:

npm install -g firebase-tools

Initialize Firebase

  1. Enable the web frameworks preview to the Firebase framework-aware CLI:

    firebase experiments:enable webframeworks
  2. In an empty directory or an existing Flutter project, run the initialization command:

    firebase init hosting
  3. Answer yes when asked if you want to use a web framework.

  4. If you're in an empty directory, you'll be asked to choose your web framework. Choose Flutter Web.

  5. Choose your hosting source directory; this could be an existing flutter app.

  6. Select a region to host your files.

  7. Choose whether to set up automatic builds and deploys with GitHub.

  8. Deploy the app to Firebase Hosting:

    firebase deploy

    Running this command automatically runs flutter build web --release, so you don't have to build your app in a separate step.

To learn more, visit the official Firebase Hosting documentation for Flutter on the web.

Handling images on the web


The web supports the standard Image widget to display images. By design, web browsers run untrusted code without harming the host computer. This limits what you can do with images compared to mobile and desktop platforms.

For more information, see Displaying images on the web.

Choosing a web renderer


By default, the flutter build and flutter run commands use the auto choice for the web renderer. This means that your app runs with the HTML renderer on mobile browsers and CanvasKit on desktop browsers. We recommend this combination to optimize for the characteristics of each platform.

For more information, see Web renderers.



Minification is handled for you when you create a release build.

Type of web app buildCode minified?Tree shaking performed?

Embedding a Flutter app into an HTML page




Added in Flutter 3.10
You can embed a Flutter web app into any HTML element of your web page, with flutter.js and the hostElement engine initialization parameter.

To tell Flutter web in which element to render, use the hostElement parameter of the initializeEngine function:

    <!-- ... -->
    <script src="flutter.js" defer></script>

    <!-- Ensure your flutter target is present on the page... -->
    <div id="flutter_host">Loading...</div>

      window.addEventListener("load", function (ev) {
          onEntrypointLoaded: async function(engineInitializer) {
            let appRunner = await engineInitializer.initializeEngine({
              // Pass a reference to "div#flutter_host" into the Flutter engine.
              hostElement: document.querySelector("#flutter_host")
            await appRunner.runApp();

To learn more, check out Customizing web app initialization.



You can embed a Flutter web app, as you would embed other content, in an iframe tag of an HTML file. In the following example, replace "URL" with the location of your HTML page:

<iframe src="URL"></iframe>

PWA Support


As of release 1.20, the Flutter template for web apps includes support for the core features needed for an installable, offline-capable PWA app. Flutter-based PWAs can be installed in the same way as any other web-based PWA; the settings signaling that your Flutter app is a PWA are provided by manifest.json, which is produced by flutter create in the web directory.

PWA support remains a work in progress, so please give us feedback if you see something that doesn't look right.